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Woven Geotextile Fabrics

In 1958, Carthage Mills introduced the first in a series of woven 'filter fabrics', or woven geotextile fabrics as known and used today, in an erosion control application as an alternative for granular soil filters. From 1958 to 1967, those first Carthage fabrics were all woven monofilaments, characterized by a relatively high percentage of open area (POA) varying from 6 to 30%, and were the only filter fabrics available on the market. Many of those first fabrics are still in service and produced today (See Geosynthetics: How it all began...).

As new applications for these innovative plastic filter cloths were being developed, so did the inventiveness of the weavers and producers of these fabrics. Today, woven geotextiles consist of monofilament, multifilament, slit-film and/or fibrillated slit-film yarns - often in combinations - that are woven into a geotextile on conventional textile weaving machinery using a wide variety of traditional, as well as proprietary, weaving patterns. The variations are many and most all have a direct influence on the physical, mechanical and hydraulic properties of the fabric. The resulting woven geotextiles are typically flexible, exhibit high strength, high modulus, low elongation, and their openings are usually direct and predictable.

For more detailed information, click on the links on this page or a specific Product Series in the Menus; or simply call or e-mail us for answers to any questions you might have.

Carthage Mills Series of Woven Geotextiles

Carthage %™ Open Area Series of Monofilaments

Carthage _%™ Monofilament polypropylene geotextiles feature effective levels of Percent Open Area (POA) – critical for resistance to clogging thus assuring Long-Term Filtration in Drainage, Separation and Erosion Control applications. Read more…

  • Bulkheads; Subsurface Drainage Systems; Under Riprap or Concrete Revetment Systems for Channel, Shoreline and Waterway Protection; Swales; Land Reclamation; Drainage/Filtration/ Collection Systems in Landfills

FX® Slit-Film Series

Carthage FX® Slit Film geotextiles provide immediate and cost effective solutions for everyday Separation and Stabilization and are among the most frequently used geotextiles in the industry. Read more…

  • Parking Lots; Driveways; Streets; Railways; Roadways; Storage and Staging Areas; Board Roads; Construction Site Access/Haul Road

FX® High-Performance Series (PP)

Carthage FX® High-Performance polypropylene geotextiles for Separation, Stabilization, Filtration, Containment and moderate to severe Reinforcement. Read more…

  • MSE Walls (Temporary and Permanent); Base Reinforcement; Land Reclamation; Landfill Capping/Closures; Reinforced Slopes; Roadway/Railway Construction; Dikes and Embankments on Soft Foundations; Voids Bridging; Airport Runways

FX® High-Strength Series (PET)

Carthage FX® High-Strength polyester geotextiles for the most demanding applications of Reinforcement and Confinement. Read more…

  • Embankments on Soft Soils; Voids Bridging; Waste Lagoon Closures; MSE Structures; Reinforcement Applications that require: Creep Resistance, High Tensile and Long-Term Design Strength (LTDS)

(Note: Due to the wide range of strength requirements for these fabrics, many of them are custom manufactured 'per project' and can be shipped in custom lengths.)



American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials and AASHTO: M288-15

A joint committee, formed from the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) and the Industrial Fabrics Association (IFAI), developed a general platform to standardize geotextiles for general transportation applications. The current revision for this standard is AASHTO: M288-15.

AASHTO: M288-15 is NOT a design guideline. The selection criteria are based on an engineer's knowledge of the site-specific installation stresses and soil hydraulic properties for the project application. Click here for a Geotextile Selection Guide and the appropriate Carthage Mills product. For further information on Carthage Mills and AASHTO: M288-15 contact your local Carthage Mills Representative or call (800) 543-4430. To order a copy of the complete AASHTO: M288-15 Specification, contact AASHTO at (202) 624-5800.


Geotextile Products Overview
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